Facts First: This is misleading at best. In “most” states, once your ballot has been cast, either in the mail or in person, you cannot change your vote.
In response to the President’s tweet, CNN reached out to all 50 states about their policies regarding changing one’s vote. All but five responded. Of those that did, all but six told CNN that voters are not allowed to change their votes. The remaining six — Delaware, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York and Wisconsin — provided information about processes they do have in place or provisions in state law which would allow someone to change their vote.
Voters could then request another absentee ballot or choose to vote in person. In theory, someone could vote for one candidate on the absentee ballot, change their mind, and then record their vote for another candidate. Rosenberg however insists that’s not technically changing their vote because the initial choice was never recorded or counted.
Several states do have policies for people who may have received and filled out an absentee ballot but not yet dropped it off or put it in the mail and now wish to change their vote. In that case, some states allow voters to request a replacement ballot or vote in person instead and “spoil” or void the initial absentee ballot.
Others, like Texas, require voters to bring their spoiled ballot to a polling place and surrender it. And in New Mexico, for example, voters who requested an absentee ballot have to sign an affidavit stating that they don’t intend to submit it in order to vote in person.
While this could technically allow someone to change what they may have filled out on an initial ballot, it is not quite the same as changing your vote.
“It’s very difficult to change your vote once it’s in the hopper,” Wendy Underhill, director of Elections & Redistricting for the National Conference of State Legislatures, told CNN’s Kelly Mena. “The deciding point is, has your first ballot been received and accounted for and if not, you may have a chance to go in and say: ‘I want to do it differently.’ ”
However, a few states do clearly support a voter’s ability to change their vote. Here are the details:
Voters have to request the new mail-in ballot before 5 p.m. on the Friday prior to the election or in person before 4 p.m. on the Monday prior to the election.
Once the initial ballot is spoiled, voters can go vote in person or request another absentee ballot. If the second or third ballot does not arrive at the clerk’s office by Election Day, it will not be counted.
In New York, it depends on the method used to vote. Those who request and cast an absentee ballot can request another or vote in person to change their vote. However, if you vote in person early, that vote may not be changed.
In New Hampshire, the timing is critical. Someone could change their vote by voting in person before their absentee ballot has been processed because those are processed later in the day on Election Day. The state’s deadline for absentee ballots to be received is 5 p.m. on Election Day.
In Delaware, if a voter wants to change their vote after already submitting their absentee or vote by mail ballot, they have to contact their county elections office. The county elections office will let the voter know if the ballot has already been processed or prepared for scanning and tabulation. If not, the voter could request to change their vote.
CNN’s Hyeyoon “Alyssa” Choi, Kelly Mena, Ellie Kaufman, Annie Grayer, Sarah Jorgenson, Taylor Romine, Caroline Kenny, Ashley Killough, Stephanie Becker, Aaron Cooper, Jason Morris, Leslie Perrot, Pamela Kirkland and Curt Devine contributed to this article.